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Manufacturing is the production of goods through the use of labour, machinery, tools and biological or chemical processing or formulation. Manufacturing can either mean transforming raw materials into finished goods on a large scale, or the creation of more complex items by selling basic goods to manufacturers for the production of items such as automobiles, aircraft, or household appliances.

Raw materials are transformed into finished products through manufacturing engineering or the manufacturing process. This process begins with product design and materials selection. The materials are modified during various manufacturing processes to create the finished product.

Modern advanced manufacturing often includes several intermediate processes to create the various components for a finished item, with some manufacturers using the term fabrication. Manufacturing has close connections to the engineering and industrial process design sectors.

Advances in robotics, materials science, AI, computing, and the Internet of Things are raising consumer expectations and challenging manufacturers like never before. These disruptive technologies have also created new opportunities for novel product design and production techniques—many of which use less power, produce less waste, and enable greater speed to market.

Sustainable Manufacturing

A large and growing number of manufacturers are realizing substantial financial and environmental benefits from sustainable business practices. Sustainable manufacturing is the creation of manufactured products through economically-sound processes that minimize negative environmental impacts while conserving energy and natural resources. Sustainable manufacturing also enhances employee, community and product safety.

The Business Case for Sustainable Manufacturing

A growing number of companies are treating “sustainability” as an important objective in their strategy and operations to increase growth and global competitiveness. This trend has reached well beyond the small niche of those who traditionally positioned themselves as “green,” and now includes many different industry sectors. In many cases, these efforts are having significant results.
There are a number of reasons why companies are pursuing sustainability:
Companies engaged in sustainability efforts include those of all sizes, ages and sectors. Companies move forward along the path to sustainability by improving performance and reducing their resource footprint. Ways that companies progress further on the path to sustainability include:
In this course on Manufactured Construction, we will address future topics that will likely be important for the growth and progress of the manufactured construction industry. Although there are clearly many possible issues that will impact the industry, topics in sustainable construction are most likely to be a prime area of change. Buildings and infrastructure such as power plants, highways and water distribution systems require significant energy and materials for their construction. The result of this is a high demand for resources and the disruption and destruction of ecological systems, causing enormous impacts both on nature and people. As the industry with the greatest consumption of materials and energy, construction also provides the greatest opportunity for addressing environmental problems and improving human quality of life. Therefore, this module will describe how sustainable construction is addressing these problems and how it is transforming the built environment. As a result, you will be prepared for the future and also able to prepare yourself for these trans-formative changes.


Changes are always taking place in the natural environment. Some changes are natural and independent from human activities; others, however, are directly associated with human interventions. Unfortunately, the growing scale of the built environment and global economy is causing an imbalance that is negatively affecting the green environment. While there is a constant increase in both global population and the demand for natural resources, buildings have become larger and more complex in order to meet human needs. The pressure from the human race to build, furnish, transport and operate buildings creates several impacts on the green environment that are now becoming obvious, most prominently in the form of climate change. The major environmental impacts from human activities include the following:

Global climate change: The increase in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) due to the burning of fossil fuels is causing an overall in-crease in global temperatures. This increase is affecting sea levels because the ice is melting at an enormous rate, affecting global climatic conditions and increasing the severity and frequency of hurricanes, storms and droughts.

Deforestation: Excess wood harvesting causes soil depletion, soil erosion, loss of natural habitat, urban heat islands and has a direct effect on the global climate change.

Reduction of potable water supplies: The rise in temperature has caused desertification in the dryer places of the world. In other areas, the overuse of water has led to aquifer depletion. The rise in sea level also threatens continental water bodies due to salination.

Pollution of air and water: Industrial and daily human activities contribute to water and air pollution. The combination of air pollution from fossil fuel emissions and its absorption by water may cause acid rain, which threats water bodies and destroys natural and built environments.

Soil contamination: The contaminants from human activities may eventually migrate to water bodies. Ground vegetation alleviates the soil contamination and erosion.

Destruction of the ozone layer: Chlorine based emissions, such as refrigerants, have led to the depletion of the ozone layer, directly effecting the global temperature and damaging marine and terrestrial ecosystems.


The concept of Sustainability or Sustain-able Development was created to describe the process of meeting human needs without compromising the ability of the green environment to provide the natural resources on which society depends. Initially, the concept was mostly considered as an ethical duty because the effects of human activities on the green environment will, most probably, last for many generations. The following group of classical ethical principles are considered the foundation of sustainable development:

Intergenerational justice: Our choices will directly affect the quality and quantity of resources for future generations.

Distributional equity: The obligation to ensure a fair distribution of resources among people in the world.

The precautionary principle: The exercise of caution when making decisions that may adversely affect the environment.

The reversibility principle: Making decisions that can be undone by future generations.

The polluter pays responsibility: The responsibility to address the consequences and implications of implementing technology.

Protecting the vulnerable: Those who are relatively wealthy have a special obligation to protect the vulnerable, which includes species from the natural world, people who are powerless due to economic and governmental issues, and future generations.

Rights of the non-human world: This principle refers to the right of plants, animals and other living organisms. As the concept grew, sustainable development began to include other factors. Currently, it is described in terms of three dimensions, which are the economic, ecological, and social. For most people, the three-legged stool model must include the environment, because none of the other three dimensions could exist without the environment.

Manufacturing facilities are increasing seeking LEED green building certification, according to a US Green Building Council report

LEED in Motion: Industrial Facilities report highlights the manufacturing sector’s efforts to design and implement LEED and prioritize environmental stewardship for industrial facilities. Currently, there are more than 1,755 LEED-certified industrial facilities worldwide, totaling more than 496 million square feet, and an additional 2,710 projects registered that total nearly 737 million square feet.

Why this boost in more sustainable manufacturing facilities? Because green building save money for owners and operators.

We offer end-to-end third-party design reviews, independent testing and inspections, and preventative maintenance services for advanced Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab Facilities for new and existing buildings.

Our Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab services offer secure and reliable facilities for clients of various sizes and in different industries. We know that your project must meet the highest standards and the most stringent requirements. As your Technical Expert Partner, we offer unparalleled services that help you achieve these expectations.

Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab Facilities require the foremost technical expertise to make sure that your facility works as it needs to. Our team consists of industry-leading talent with a strong background in critical facilities. In addition to our in-house consultants, we partner with industry experts.

How to create safe and secure Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab Facilities

Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab Facilities, such as biotech, tech, process, and microchip manufacturing facilities, data centers, advanced laboratories, and cleanrooms, must meet strict standards and work error-free. The risk of a contaminated facility includes loss of life, massive costs, lawsuits, and more.

On the other hand, proper facilities ensure that your products and research are kept safe from these types of risks and hazards. You also offer the best work environment for your employees, which, in turn, can have a significant impact on overall profitability.

Our approach to Advanced Manufacturing

Alpin is one of the GCC region’s most trusted technical experts for Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab Facilities. Our senior consultants, who have specialized knowledge including medical facility design and inspection accreditations, such as ASHRAE HFDP, partner with you to create safe and functioning facilities. We are extremely meticulous in our work because we understand that downtime is not an option for you and your reputation is at stake, which means that the quality of your facilities is non-negotiable.

Additionally, we use Alpin Commissioning Cloud, our proprietary software, and hardware to help optimize the process and ensure that data isn’t lost. We follow the ISO 14644-1 Cleanroom Standards and BS 5295 Cleanroom Standards for cleanrooms.

Services for Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab Facilities

Our Independent MEPF Auditing and Commissioning services ensure that your facility is designed in accordance with the required standards in terms of energy efficiency, indoor environment, staff training, operation of the building, and maintenance. For example, we ensure that your building has access to the highest standards of air quality in accordance with ISO 14644-1 Cleanroom Standards.

Our Commissioning services ensure that your building measures up to your required standards, such as ASHRAE Standard 202, BSRIA, CIBSE, and SMACNA, or mandatory LEED, Estidama, and GSAS system requirements. We help you develop the Owner’s Project Requirement (OPR) and guide your design team during the creation of the Basis of Design (BoD).

Our re-commissioning and retro-commissioning services can be applied to your existing buildings. Re-commissioning focuses on already commissioned buildings and retro-commissioning will ensure that existing buildings, which haven’t been commissioned before, are properly commissioned.

Commissioning results in fewer deficiencies and delays, better maintenance and lower costs. For your facility, proper commissioning is critical to prevent contamination of spaces and it’s a cost-effective way to take preventative action. Independent third-party assurance services act as insurance for your facility. Our commissioning experts use proprietary commissioning software and other technology to ensure the best results.

Green Building services, such as LEED certification, can help Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab Facilities in a number of ways. Your facility becomes resource-efficient. This means the effective use of materials, water, and energy. Additionally, we optimize waste management, indoor air quality, and, if appropriate for your facility, natural lighting.

We also offer WELL certification. In fact, our Masdar City headquarters is the first WELL-certified building in the Middle East. WELL can help you optimize your work environment for experts working on critical R&D projects or overseeing manufacturing. This certification offers healthy and productive workspaces, which can have a direct impact on your innovative capacity and turnover.

In addition to creating an optimized space and offering a productive work environment, green certifications and WELL certification come with marketing and brand benefits. They can also support your Corporate Social Responsibility strategy.

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a service that’s used by creating a 3D representation of a project with specialized simulation software. It helps model the flow of air within a space, potential leakage points, and how a facility will react under optimal and adverse conditions. If this step is taken early on in the design phase, the design can be effectively changed before the construction phase. This reduces the need for change orders later on in the process.

Our Facility Testing and Auditing services help optimize your facility and test for various contaminants. For example, we can investigate what effect heat, humidity, and dust have on the performance of your facility. We also check for possible leaks. With our software, we can make a predictive analysis of your facility’s performance in the future. As part of our Auditing services, we do a health check-up on your facility and optimize it to mitigate potential health risks and hazards.

HVAC systems need to be efficient and filtration must be of the highest standards to avoid contaminants in your spaces. As part of our Facility Testing offerings, HVAC Inspection Services help you ensure that your heating and cooling systems are functioning properly.

Façade / building envelope inspections help prevent façade deficiencies, such as leaks. This way, contaminants are prevented from coming into the space. Additionally, loose, missing, or otherwise damaged façade elements can be identified and fixed. Our qualitative Façade / Building Envelope Inspection Services can be combined with the latest technology, such as drones. We are licensed drone operators and drone inspections are one of our specialties.

Forensics is the expert investigation and analysis of the cause of any failures or defects that can arise during the operational phase. Buildings have become increasingly complex and the risk of issues arising has become more common. Our independent MEP forensics specialists help you analyze and report on root causes of problems and to find solutions to them.


Our independent MEP forensic specialists have over 20 years of expertise in analyzing and identifying issues in MEP systems. We have advanced knowledge of MEP systems and understand the interoperability of systems, including emerging building technologies. Our MEP Auditing services help ensure that your facility doesn’t experience negative pressurization, the filtration meets the required standards, humidity is controlled, indoor air quality is optimized, and more.

Advanced Manufacturing, Cleanrooms and Lab Facilities are extremely energy-intensive. For example, the difference between an optimized server room and a server room that hasn’t been designed with energy optimization in mind can be significant. With our energy modeling services, we model process loads and reduce energy consumption. We take into consideration everything from your building’s orientation, materials, and HVAC to lighting, water, and renewable energy resources.

Noise and vibrations are contaminants that can have a major impact on your facility. Our Acoustics services help ensure that noise is controlled in your space. Our on-site equipment allows us to make accurate acoustic measurements. We can quickly identify solutions to eliminate noise. In addition to our own team of experts, we work with some of the world’s leading acoustical consultants. During the planning phase, we help you make better design decisions. With high-tech computer models, we can also simulate acoustics in a space. We use proven engineering techniques to reduce the noise and vibration from your building’s equipment.


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Our Case Studies

Pepsi Cola Mega Plant

King Salman Energy Park

Jotun Office and R&D Facility

Saudi Aramco Research Center

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